Interpretação de Texto: 07. Cleopatra
Quem foi Cleópatra? O que você sabe a respeito de sua história?
Vamos saber um pouco mais.
CLEOPATRA - QUEEN OF EGYPT
Cleopatra was the name of the seven queens of ancient Egypt. By far the most famous was Cleopatra VII, b. 69 BC. Her extraordinary efforts to revive Ptolemaic power through her forceful personality and political skill, and the romantic liaisons with prominent Romans that this policy involved, have been the subject of much literature, including William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra.
The daughter of PTOLEMY XII, Cleopatra became joint ruler with her younger brother PTOLEMY XIII in 51 BC. Three years later they fought each other in a civil war, during which the Roman general POMPEY THE GREAT came to Egypt and was assassinated by Ptolemy. Julius CAESAR then invaded Egypt and defeated Ptolemy, who drowned in the Nile. Cleopatra married another brother, Ptolemy XIV, but she also became Caesar's mistress and followed him to Rome, where she stayed until his assassination (44 BC).
Returning to Egypt, Cleopatra ruled with her son by Caesar, Ptolemy XV, called Caesarion, as joint king, Ptolemy XIV having been murdered on her orders. In 42 BC, when Mark ANTONY came to Egypt, she became his mistress. They planned to set up a vast kingdom to be inherited by her sons by Caesar and Antony. However, Octavian (later AUGUSTUS) defeated Antony and Cleopatra in the Battle of ACTIUM (31 BC) and pursued them to Egypt. Antony committed suicide. Cleopatra surrendered and sought to establish a relationship with Octavian. Failing, she killed herself in August of the year 30 BC, allowing herself to be bitten by an asp (cobra), the royal symbol of ancient Egypt. Her son, King Ptolemy XV, was murdered, and the Ptolemaic dynasty ended.
1- How many queens did the name Cleopatra correspond?
2- Who was the most famous of all of them?
3- Mention two literature works related to Cleopatra.
4- Did Cleopatra VII rule Egypt by herself?
5- How did her brother Ptolemy III die?
6- When did she become Mark Antony’s mistress?
7- How did the Ptolemaic dynasty end?
8- What does THEY mean in the sentence “They planned to set up…”
9- Who was murdered on Cleopatra’s orders?
a) Ptolemy XII
b) Ptolemy III
c) Ptolemy XIV
d) Ptolemy XV
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