Ingles 2

(ESPM) Texto para as questões de 01 a 10

Catching the Corrupt Chen Shui-bian reopens a political murder case

1. The gold silk blouse and earrings are signs that Li Mei-kuei is finally coming out of mourning. Seven years ago her husband’s bloated corpse washed ashore in the northern Taiwanese fishing port of Suao. Capt. Yin Ching-feng had been the chief naval officer overseeing Taiwan’s purchases of foreign weapons, including six French Lafayette frigates that cost $ 2.7 billion. At first the Navy insisted he had drowned. But an outside autopsy showed he was bludgeoned to death. Li, his 49 year-old widow, insists he was murdered for uncovering a corruption ring within the military. But the Kuomintang regime, which was closely tied to the military, never cracked the case. Earlier this month Chen Shui-bian, the first opposition president in Taiwan’s history, vowed to reopen the investigation. “I had given up all hope,” says Li, “but now a ray of light has been shown in.”

2. Chen wants to illuminate a half-century of darkness. Despite emerging as one of Asia’s few true democracies, Taiwan has been unable to rid itself of a legacy of corruption. Vote buying, insider trading, bribes and kickbacks in the private sector and the government became part of the fabric of society under the Kuomintang, which ruled Taiwan for 50 years. Fed up with “black-money politics”, the Taiwanese voted in March for Chen, who promised to clean up society. Chen has launched a major campaign against political corruption, the first in Taiwan, with indictments of two legislators, investigations of several public officials and the high profile Yin case. Symbolically, he is taking on the Kuomintang’s entire legacy. “Even if this case shakes the nation to its very foundations,” Chen said in mid-August, “it must still be solved, no matter how high it may go.”

3. The blame could reach right to the top. Former president Lee Teng-hui, the first native-born president, fought for greater democracy. But as he consolidated his power against mainland-born hardliners, he cultivated close ties with local factions and shady businessmen. During his tenure the local media uncovered hundreds of corruption cases. Finance committees in the legislature became dominated by men with criminal records.

Some crusaders want to include the entire party, of which Lee was chairman, in a witch-hunt. Chen Ding-nan, Chen’s new Justice minister, seems ready to purge everyone. “The Kuomintang government,” he says, “was just a group of [criminal] accomplices that included government officials, large enterprises and gangsters.”

4. Taiwan’s boisterous press is re-examining clues in Captain Yin’s murder. Li is convinced that her husband’s death was related to the purchase of the French frigates. She says that shortly before his murder, Yin returned from a trip to France and told her he had learned of some defects with the ships’ design. One of his co-workers in the military’s procurement department was later convicted for taking bribes; other suspects fled overseas. Military officers warn direly of “chaos” if Chen proceeds with the case. “If all those involved were prosecuted, Taiwan’s national-security forces would to the naval procurement process told NEWS-WEEK.

5. Corrupt lawmakers can no longer hide behind legislative immunity. Taking advantage of a legal loophole, prosecutor searched an office used by Liao Hwu-peng, a Kuomintang legislator. Liao is suspected of obtaining false stocks. Last week prosecutors searched another office used by Gary Wang, a Kuomintang legislator suspected of involvement in a $ 32 million land-fraud deal. Prosecutors indicted the mayor of southern Tainan, a member of alleged corruption involving the construction of a canal. All three insist they are innocent.

6. Chen may feel a sense of personal mission to solve the case of Captain Yin. As a leader of the opposition under the Kuomintang, he was repeatedly exposed to the violence inflicted on its opponents. He has pledged to reopen the case of the mother and daughters of Lin Yi-hsiung, a fellow opposition leader, who were murdered in their sleep in 1980. Chen’s own wife was run down and paralysed in 1985 – another unsolved case. For Chen, solving the murder of Yin has symbolic importance. “Perhaps it was the spirit of Captain Yin Ching-feng in heaven that helped me get into the presidential office,” he says. Widow Li may see justice yet.


*to catch: pegar, apanhar *political murder case: caso de assassinato político
*gold silk blouse: blusa de seda dourada *earrings: brincos
*to come out of mourning: deixar o luto *bloated corpse: cadáver inchado
*to wash ashore: aparecer na praia *northern: ao norte
*fishing port: porto pesqueiro *purchases: compras, aquisições
*to oversee: inspecionar *foreign weapons: armas estrangeiras
*at first: a princípio *navy: marinha
*to drown: afogar-se * to bludgeon: espancar
*widow: viúva *to uncover: revelar, descobrir
*corruption ring: rede de corrupção *closely tied of: bem ligado a
*to crack the case: descobrir, desvendar o caso *to vow: prometer
*to give up: desistir *a ray of light: um raio de luz
*a half century of darkness: meio século de escuridão *despite: apesar de
*unable: incapaz *to rid of: livrar-se de
*vote-buying: compra de votos *insider trading: negócios ilícitos
*bribes: subornos *kickback: propina
*fabric: estrutura, sistema *under: sob o regime de
*to rule: governar, administrar *fed up: cansado de
*back-money politics: política de dinheiro sujo *to voter for: votar a favor de
*to clean up society: limpar a sociedade *to launch: lançar
*a major campaign: uma grande campanha *indictments: acusações
*officials: autoridades *high-profile: notável, de destaque
*to take on: assumir *entire legacy: todo o legado
*to shake: balançar, mexer *no matter how high: não importa até onde
*blame: culpa *former: ex
*to fight for: lutar por *hardliners: radicais
*close ties: laços íntimos *shady businessmen: homens de negócios suspeitos
*tenure: mandato *local media: mídia local
*criminal records: fichas criminais *entire party: o partido todo
*chairman: presidente *a witch hunt: caça às bruxas
*to purge: expulsar *accomplices: cúmplices
*enterprises: empresas *boisterous press: imprensa sensacionalista
*clues: pistas *shortly before: pouco antes
*to learn of: ficar sabendo de *frigates: fragatas
*co-workers: colaboradores *to be convicted for: ser condenado por
*to flee (fled – fled) overseas: fugir para o exterior *to warn: alertar
*direly: terrivelmente, horrivelmente *to proceed: prosseguir, continuar
*to be prosecuted: ser levado a julgamento *to throw – threw – throw: jogar, lançar
*source: fonte *close to: próximo a
*lawmakers: legisladores *no longer: não mais
*to hide – hid – hidden: esconder, ocultar *to take advantage of: aproveitar
*a legal loophole of: uma brecha legal *prosecutors: promotores
*to search: procurar *false stocks: ações falsas
*deal: negócio *to indict: indicar, processar
*mayor: prefeito *southern: ao sul
*alleged: suposto *repeatedly: repetidamente
*to unflict: impor *to pledge: implorar
*to run down: atropelar

01. According to the information in the article, Yin Ching-feng:
  • (A) Was killed by fellow naval officers.
  • (B) Was drowned by members of Taiwan’s Kuomintang regime.
  • (C) Was part of a corruption scandal involving more than US$2 billions in bribes.
  • (D) Was beaten to death.
  • (E) Had proof that senior Taiwanese military officers were involved in corruption.
02. In paragraph 2, the sentence “Chen wants to illuminate a half century of darkness” means most approximately the same as which of the following?
  • (A) Taiwan’s current president hopes to expose 50 years of nationwide corruption.
  • (B) Taiwan’s current president is intent on finding the murderers of Yin Ching-feng.
  • (C) Taiwan’s current president hopes that for the next 50 years Taiwanese politics will be open and honest.
  • (D) Taiwan’s minister wants to put, once and for all, Taiwan’s corrupt politicians and businessmen behind bars.
  • (E) Taiwan’s current president has decided to tell the truth about the hypocrisy of Taiwanese society.
03. You can infer from the information in paragraph 2 that the expression “black-money politics” most likely refers to:
  • (A) Money used in the illegal presidential campaign of Lee Teng-hui.
  • (B) The corruption and bribery that helped the Kuomintang maintain power for so many years.
  • (C) The corruption and bribery that has traditionally been a part of Taiwan’s purchase and sale of military weapons.
  • (D) The desire of most Taiwanese voters to put an end to political corruption.
  • (E) The political agreements that allowed the Kuomintang to share power for 50 years.
04. According to the information in the article, which of the following is true with respect to Chen Shui-bian?
  • (A) He is continuing the anti-corruption campaign started by his predecessor.
  • (B) He is Taiwan’s first native-born president.
  • (C) His wife was murdered in her sleep, most likely by agents of the Kuomintang.
  • (D) He has proof that members of Taiwan’s military murdered Yin Ching-feng.
  • (E) He is Taiwan’s first non-Kuomintang president.
05. Which of the following is something that Liao Hwu-peng, Gary Wang, and the mayor of Tainan do not have in common?
  • (A) They are all suspected of involvement in corruption.
  • (B) Legislative immunity appears unable to protect them.
  • (C) They have not been accused of acts of violence.
  • (D) They are all members of the Kuomintang party.
  • (E) They all claim to be innocent of any crime.
06. According to the information in the article, which of the following statements could most likely be applied to Lee Teng-hui?
  • (A) Though not a native-born Taiwanese, in order to consolidate his power he was forced to ally himself with Taiwanese born on the mainland.
  • (B) Though he fought for democracy, his work, ironically, was furthered by his membership in an anti-democratic political party.
  • (C) Though elected on an anti-corruption platform, he allied himself with many corrupt businessmen and politicians.
  • (D) Though he made a real effort to enforce democratic principles, to do so he relied heavily on corrupt allies.
  • (E) Though he was the president who really established democracy in Taiwan, his work was destroyed by gangsters and criminals.
07. According to the information in the article, what is the significance of Li Mei-Kuei’s gold silk blouse and earrings?
  • (A) They mean that now she has been permitted to remarry after her husband’s death.
  • (B) They mean that now she is returning to a normal life after her husband’s death.
  • (C) They mean that she is entering a new stage of mourning for her dead husband.
  • (D) They indicate that she is ready to forget the murder of her husband.
  • (E) They symbolize her determination to find out how her husband died.
08. In the article, Li Mei-kuei cites which of the following in support of her thesis about why her husband was murdered?
  • (A) Her husband was a victim of the corruption and violence that have long been a part of Taiwanese society.
  • (B) An independent autopsy showed that her husband’s drowning was intentional rather than accidental, as had been claimed by the government.
  • (C) Just before her husband died, he said that he had discovered flaws in the design of the ships that the Taiwanese Navy intended to buy.
  • (D) The fact the Taiwan’s Kuomintang regime was closely allied with the military made a cover-up of her husband’s death almost inevitable.
  • (E) The “criminal accomplices” of the Kuomintang regime had obviously killed her husband.
09. Which of the following can you infer from the article as evidence of the Kuomintang regime’s tolerance of corruption?
  • (A) Convicted criminals held important legislative positions throughout the Kuomintang era.
  • (B) The purchase of military equipment inevitable had to be facilitated through bribes and kickbacks.
  • (C) Some military personnel investigating bribery in the military’s procurement department had to leave the country.
  • (D) Taiwanese law was set up so that legislators couldn’t be prosecuted.
  • (E) The car that Chen Shui-bian’s wife was driving was involved in a mysterious accident.
10. The last sentence of the article, “Widow Li may see justice yet”, can most likely be interpreted to mean which of the following?
  • (A) Li Mei-kuei may one day see the Kuomintang out of power.
  • (B) Li Mei-kuei may one day see her husband’s killers punished.
  • (C) Li Mei-kuei may one day see the end of corruption in Taiwan.
  • (D) Li Mei-kuei is still looking for justice.
  • (E) Li Mei-kuei has finally discovered who killed her husband.

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